APA employees toured the territories liberated from the occupation by the Azerbaijani army under the leadership of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief Ilham Aliyev. Our employees have prepared a series of reports from these territories under the heading "In the wake of victory".
We present another reportage from this series:
We pass a rusty pile of rubble, a pile of stones, a a pile of straw - literally all sorts of rubbish, through the back passage to the balcony, and then into the great hall. The stench, the dirt, the moldy walls, the floor that has disappeared in the dung ...
There is no trace of its elegant architecture and magnificent appearance, it has disappeared in ugliness, rust and filth.
Probably it became clear where we are. Yes, in Aghdam, in "Palace".
It is the palace where Panahali khan started to establish his khanate.
The palace was once a favorite place of the people of Agdam.
Both the palace and the tombs in the cemetery complex are distinguished by their architecture, especially in the summer months, hiding among the trees and shrubs, giving the area a fairy-tale beauty.
In the 50s of the last century, a stadium of the same name was built near the palace (Imarat).
After the occupation of Aghdam in 1993, Armenian vandals destroyed most of the buildingsç however, they did not destroy the holy places of Azerbaijanis, including the Aghdam Juma Mosque, mosques in Giyasli, Gulabli, and dozens of other mosques, but turned them into stables kept cattle, sheep, and pigs inside.
Armenians knew that the palace had a high moral value for Azerbaijanis, as did the mosques, sacred places, and shrines in these lands. Not only because the foundation of the Karabakh khanate was laid here, but also because it started to grow from here. And also because there was an ancient cemetery where great figures of Azerbaijani history were buried. And because one of the great figures of Azerbaijani literature, Khan gizi Khurshudbanu Natavan, who gained eternal respect in the hearts of the people of Karabakh with her good deeds, was also buried here.
That is why the Armenians did not destroy the palace, they turned it into a ruin.
For 30 years, they have tortured us not only materially, but also morally and psychologically.
The palace is also known as Panahali khan palace and Panah khan’s palace. As we said it was built as the winter property of Karabakh khan Panahali khan.
Here is considered as one of the first properties of khan's descendants. Probably, in the early days, the complex included more buildings. Head of the "Karabakh" department of the Institute of History named after Abbasgulu Aga Bakikhanov of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (ANAS), Doctor of Philosophy in History Guntekin Najafli says that the palace of the XVIII century was built in 1738: “The palace is the building built by the founder of the khanate Panahali khan, built before the establishment of the khanate. The authors of "Karabakhname" have contradictory views about Panahali khan's return to Karabakh. Some say that after Nadir Shah was crowned in Mugan in 1736 they were envious of Panahali khan. He was gossiped to Nadir shah and Panahali khan fled. Actually, it is not so. Other sources show that Panahali khan served to Nadir shah until
The palace consists of two corps placed perpendicular to each other. The main building consists of rooms with arches grouped around the central domed hall. A wide and luxurious balcony is located in front of the central hall directed to the South. The balcony of the palace has been solved as a three-span arcade. Arched arches rest on large columns carved from solid white stones. In general, the balcony has a portico character, playing a role as the entrance to the building.
The relatively large main building of the palace has a more complex configuration in the plan and consists of rooms of various sizes. In this one-story house, there is a central hall with a balcony. The area of the central hall, which has many deep niches in the inner walls, about 50 square meters, is covered with an octagonal dome.
Above the dome, built on durable trumpets, there is a light and air chimney in the form of a lantern. It created to condition the hall constantly lit up, often there was no need to light a lamp.
One of those, who saw the palace, maybe slept there, was Agha Mohammad Shah Qajar. Khaja Shah kept his army in the palace territory during the Tbilisi attack and destroyed both Palace and domes while attacking Tbilisi. S. Huseynov says that both the Palace, its domes, and hence were restored by Ibrahimkhalil Khan’s son Mehdigulu Khan: “Mehdigulu Khan presented a document, given by Shah Abbas on behalf of Ibrahim Sultan Budag Sultan when he has required a document on belonging of these territories to Mehdigulu Khan during Tsar Russia. According to the document, the great grandfather of Mehdigulu Khan was the owner of Javanshir lands and “Otuzikiler” tribal union, including Aghdam property and led cavalry military unit of seven hundred and thirty people”.
There is a cemetery, where persons belonging to the khan dynasty were buried, in the vicinity of the Palace, rather than behind the second building of the complex. Firstly, Panahali khan was buried in the cemetery. Maybe, someone was buried before him, information, which we have now, says that. It seems that successors decided to bury his body, brought from Shiraz, in the Palace, as they knew the Khan loved these places so much. Or there was another reason.
A tomb with a structure of a polygonal conical plan was built above the grave. The tomb has an entrance gate with an arched structure. There is not a gravestone inside, and the place is covered with manure like the floor of the palace, it seems that animals were kept here as well. According to G. Najafli, the gravestone of the grave of Panahali Khan was brought to the National History Museum before occupation and is protected there.
The tomb of Ibrahim Khalil Khan is located near the tomb of Panahali Khan. Although both tombs look like each other, the conical roof and most of the walls of the Ibrahim Khalil tomb were destroyed.
It is strange that there are similarities in their fates like their tombs. No one has died with their quietus. The father has been a victim of the Persian ruler Karim Khan Zand, and the son fell victim to the decree of Lisanechiv, an officer of Tsarist Russia, and, indirectly, of Tsar Alexander I.
The third tomb in the cemetery is most probably the tomb of the last ruler of the khanate Mehdigulu khan, son of Ibrahimkhalil khan. Although we could not go to the nearest part for the fear of mina, it can be said that this tomb has not been damaged to the extent of the tomb of Ibrahim Khalil khan.
Between the tomb of Ibrahim Khalil khan and the tomb of Mehdigulu khan Javanshir there is a circular building about one meter high, which we could not determine whether it was incomplete or destroyed.
Generally, above the Imarat cemetery, there are the graves of Jafargulu khan Nava, Govhar aga, Khurshidbanu Natava, and her daughter Khanbika Khanum alongside the people we mentioned before. But because we are unfamiliar, we could not learn the place of graves of others besides Khurshidbanu Natavan.
The grave of Natavan places near the tomb of Panahali khan and Ibrahimkhalil khan. According to Samir Sadigov, Doctor of Philosophy in Art History, in 1982, a tombstone was erected over the tomb: An author of the monument is People’s artist, sculptor Eljan Shamilov. Monument shaved from marble reminds Egyptian steles, was of an embossed character.
Unfortunately, the monument has been completely destroyed. The part of the statue that reflects Natavan has been disappeared, other parts have been scattered around. A hole has been dug not on the side of the tombs, but on the opposite side of the concrete cover. The iron board has been put on the hole. We take the board. The hole stretches to the under of concrete, to the grave, as if the concrete fixtures did not allow to dig deeper. It seems that Armenian in hyena trait wanted to dig the grave of Khan’s daughter and remove her bones in order to find any precious things or just for purpose of humiliation. But they were not able to reach completely what they wanted.
These are other proof and samples of Armenian vandalism. Tombstones laid in place of the stall at the bottom of the wall a little bit away prove this once again.
We leave the Palace with the shock inside us caused by the miserable condition of Panahali khan's palace, Ibrahimkhalil khan's tomb, Khurshudbanu Natava's grave.
Pain inside us, anger inside us, hatred inside us.
And also feeling of gratitude that what the happiness that we were able to return these lands.
What happiness that we got rid of this moral agony, condemnation.
However, the thought that occupied my mind when I set foot in the building still did not leave me comfortable. Certainly, If Panahali khan knew that Armenians would destroy his Palace, what he would do?..