OSCE MG committed to contributing to talks on Karabakh conflict settlement
- 25 January 2017
The OSCE Minsk Group (MG) co-chairs remain committed to contributing to the negotiations aimed at achieving a lasting resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict based on the principles of international law, the UN Charter and the Helsinki Final Act, in particular the principles of territorial integrity, self-determination and non-use of force, US co-chair of the OSCE MG Richard Hoagland told Armenia-news – news.am.
“We will continue our mediation efforts in the peace process as long as the parties believe that our efforts produce results,” the US co-chair said, adding. “In the end, the leaders of both countries should demonstrate political will necessary for the establishment of a fair and lasting settlement, which in turn will bring peace and prosperity to the region and people.”
The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict entered its modern phase when the Armenian SRR made territorial claims against the Azerbaijani SSR in 1988.
A fierce war broke out between Azerbaijan and Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan. As a result of the war, Armenian armed forces occupied some 20 percent of Azerbaijani territory which includes Nagorno-Karabakh and seven adjacent districts (Lachin, Kalbajar, Aghdam, Fuzuli, Jabrayil, Gubadli and Zangilan), and over a million Azerbaijanis became refugees and internally displaced people.
The military operations finally came to an end when Azerbaijan and Armenia signed a ceasefire agreement in Bishkek in 1994.
Dealing with the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is the OSCE Minsk Group, which was created after the meeting of the CSCE (OSCE after the Budapest summit held in Dec.1994) Ministerial Council in Helsinki on 24 March 1992. The Group’s members include Azerbaijan, Armenia, Russia, the United States, France, Italy, Germany, Turkey, Belarus, Finland and Sweden.
Besides, the OSCE Minsk Group has a co-chairmanship institution, comprised of Russian, the US and French co-chairs, which began operating in 1996.
Resolutions 822, 853, 874 and 884 of the UN Security Council, which were passed in short intervals in 1993, and other resolutions adopted by the UN General Assembly, PACE, OSCE, OIC, and other organizations require Armenia to unconditionally withdraw its troops from Nagorno-Karabakh.