Russia to do everything possible to intensify Karabakh conflict settlement process
- 27 December 2016
Russia will continue in the coming year to do everything possible to intensify the settlement process of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, Maria Zakharova, Russian Foreign Ministry spokesperson, told a briefing on Tuesday, APA’s Moscow correspondent reported.
“Russia, as an OSCE Minsk Group co-chairing country, continues to deal with the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. Therefore, we will do everything possible for the normalization of the process not to stop, but to intensify,” Zakharova said.
“As for the schedule of measures regarding the conflict’s settlement, we will inform you upon receipt of the relevant information,” Zakharova said, being asked about Russia’s expectations on the conflict’s settlement in 2017.
The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict entered its modern phase when the Armenian SRR made territorial claims against the Azerbaijani SSR in 1988.
A fierce war broke out between Azerbaijan and Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan. As a result of the war, Armenian armed forces occupied some 20 percent of Azerbaijani territory which includes Nagorno-Karabakh and seven adjacent districts (Lachin, Kalbajar, Aghdam, Fuzuli, Jabrayil, Gubadli and Zangilan), and over a million Azerbaijanis became refugees and internally displaced people.
The military operations finally came to an end when Azerbaijan and Armenia signed a ceasefire agreement in Bishkek in 1994.
Dealing with the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is the OSCE Minsk Group, which was created after the meeting of the OSCE Ministerial Council in Helsinki on 24 March 1992. The Group’s members include Azerbaijan, Armenia, Russia, the United States, France, Italy, Germany, Turkey, Belarus, Finland and Sweden.
Besides, the OSCE Minsk Group has a co-chairmanship institution, comprised of Russian, US and French co-chairs, which began operating in 1996.
Resolutions 822, 853, 874 and 884 of the UN Security Council, which were passed in short intervals in 1993, and other resolutions passed by the UN General Assembly, PACE, OSCE, OIC, and other organizations require Armenia to unconditionally withdraw its troops from Nagorno-Karabakh.