The OSCE is working to establish system of investigation into incidents and ceasefire violations in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict zone, OSCE Secretary General Lamberto Zannier said during a media conference in Hamburg Dec. 9.
The 23rd OSCE Ministerial Council kicked off on Dec. 8 in Hamburg, Germany. Azerbaijan’s Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov is also attending the meeting.
The two-day meeting will focus on the activities carried out during Germany’s chairmanship, as well as the existing conflicts in the OSCE area including the Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
Azerbaijan’s Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov discussed the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict settlement with the OSCE Minsk Group co-chairs at the 23rd meeting of the OSCE Ministerial Council in Hamburg, Hikmat Hajiyev, spokesman for the Azerbaijani Foreign Ministry, told APA on Dec. 8.
It was impossible to organize the 3+2 meeting (three co-chairs of the OSCE MG plus Azerbaijani and Armenian foreign ministers) due to Armenia’s destructive policy and its efforts aimed at avoiding the talks, Hajiyev added.
Earlier, France put forward the initiative to hold such a meeting within the OSCE Ministerial Council in Hamburg. Azerbaijan gave its consent.
The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict entered its modern phase when the Armenian SRR made territorial claims against the Azerbaijani SSR in 1988.
A fierce war broke out between Azerbaijan and Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan. As a result of the war, Armenian armed forces occupied some 20 percent of Azerbaijani territory which includes Nagorno-Karabakh and seven adjacent districts (Lachin, Kalbajar, Aghdam, Fuzuli, Jabrayil, Gubadli and Zangilan), and over a million Azerbaijanis became refugees and internally displaced people.
The military operations finally came to an end when Azerbaijan and Armenia signed a ceasefire agreement in Bishkek in 1994.
Dealing with the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is the OSCE Minsk Group, which was created after the meeting of the CSCE (OSCE after the Budapest summit held in Dec.1994) Ministerial Council in Helsinki on 24 March 1992. The Group’s members include Azerbaijan, Armenia, Russia, the United States, France, Italy, Germany, Turkey, Belarus, Finland and Sweden.
Besides, the OSCE Minsk Group has a co-chairmanship institution, comprised of Russian, the US and French co-chairs, which began operating in 1996.
Resolutions 822, 853, 874 and 884 of the UN Security Council, which were passed in short intervals in 1993, and other resolutions adopted by the UN General Assembly, PACE, OSCE, OIC, and other organizations require Armenia to unconditionally withdraw its troops from Nagorno-Karabakh.